Achalasia is a disease in espohagus where it makes passing of food and drinks into the stomach too hard through it. It is tube through which anything that is eaten goes to the stomach. It works like this, when a person consume any food or drink, it moves from the throat to the esophagus and then passes into the stomach through it. Disfunctioning of the esophagus causes Achalasia.
Symptoms of achalasia are developed slowly and cannot be seen in the initial stages. This is the reason why many patients suffering from achalasia are not aware of the disease until the later stages of it is diagnosed.
The first diagnosis method is barium swallow where a patient had to drink that contains barium. The liquid coats the esophagus and then the X-ray is taken.
Second method of diagnosis is through esophagoscopy. This method is used to look inside the esophagus. An esophagoscope is inserted through the mouth or nose and down the throat into esophagus. It is a thin tube with light and lens used to see inside the esophagus.
The third diagnosis method is esophageal manometry. Here also a thin tube is inserted in the esophagus but thistime it is connected to the pressure recorder. This means that the pressure of contraction is measured as the patient swallows. No pressure is detected for the patient suffering from achalasia.
Treatment and recovery:
At Dr Wanis Gastrocare, the surgery is performed by laparoscopic method called as Heller myotomy. It is a surgical procedure in which the muscles of the esophagus are cut, allowing the food and liquid to pass through the stomach. This surgery is done with minimally invasive technique so small incisions are made to pass the surgical instrument though it.
The recovery is very fast as laparoscopic method is used. Pain is less. Patient are discharged on the third day of the operation. As the recovery is fast patient can start normal activities in almost a week.